I-LOFAR is a true ‘big data’ project, and as part of the International LOFAR Telescope, is a pathfinder telescope to the future Square Kilometre Array telescope, which will create perhaps the largest dataset in the world (an exabyte per day!).
To date, the data processing capabilities of I-LOFAR have not been sufficient to allow the telescope study astronomy objects that vary rapidly. However, members of the I-LOFAR consortium at UCC and NUIG have recently obtained SFI funding to create a data processing system that can intensively analyse and rapidly store the data stream as it emerges from the telescope, giving I-LOFAR a new and powerful capability to study the transient radio sky. The system, called the REALtime Transient Acquisition cluster (REALTA), builds on the heritage of the ARTEMIS system designed by the Oxford e-Research Centre.
In July 2018, a team from UCC, NUIG, TCD and Oxford/Berkeley team set up 5 Dell-EMC PowerEdge GPU/CPU blades and up to 300 terabytes of storage. Over the coming months, this will enable us to study a wide range of fascinating astronomy targets such as aurora in planetary atmospheres, pulsars, solar radio bursts, nova explosions, and fast radio bursts.
The I-LOFAR processing cluster was enhanced in March 2020 to assist in the Search for Extraterrestrial Intelligence (SETI), in collaboration with the Breakthrough Listen foundation and the Berkeley SETI Institute, by the addition of another compute node to the cluster. This machine is planned to be integrated to the REALTA system by hooking into the live station data stream and performing transient signal analysis in addition to any work being performed by observers on the existing REALTA compute nodes.
Technical specifications for REALTA can be found in the table below and more technical details on REALTA together with first results can be found in Murphy et al., Astronomy & Astrophysics, 2021.
|* This 110TB is distributed across REALTA’s 4 compute nodes|
|Compute Nodes (x4)||Storage Node||BL Headnode||BL Compute Node|
|Machine Name||Dell Poweredge R740XD||Dell Poweredge R730XD||SuperMicro 1029U-TRTP2||SuperMicro 6049P-E1CR24H|
|CPU Model||Intel Xeon Gold 6130 (2x)||Intel Xeon E5-2640 v4 (2x)||Intel Xeon Silver 4110 (2x)||Intel Xeon Silver 4110 (2x)|
|CPU Clock Speed||2.10GHz||2.40GHz||2.10GHz||2.10GHz|
|No. CPU Cores (Threads)||32 (64)||20 (40)||16 (32)||16 (32)|
|GPU||16GB NVIDIA Tesla V100||N/A||N/A||11GB NVIDIA RTX 2080Ti|
The figure below shows the individual hardware components of REALTA on the right and how they are connected to the data stream from I-LOFAR on the left.
I-LOFAR and REALTA are supported by an SFI Research Infrastructure grants. REALTA is owned by UCC and NUIG and maintained by TCD and DIAS.